On 22 June 1527, Fatahillah, a warrior from the Islamic Sultanate of Demak, Central Java, attacked the Hindu Kingdom of Sunda, West Java, captured the port of Sunda Kelapa and changed its name to Jayakarta.
In 1619, the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) occupied the port and changed its name to Batavia.
In 1942, the Japanese military forces invaded Indonesia and changed the name of Batavia to its local name Jakarta.
On 17 August 1945, Indonesia declared its independence, and the Republic of Indonesia.was established with Jakarta as capital city. Since then Jakarta has developed into the biggest city in Indonesia, and one of largest in the world, with a population of around 8.5 million people (2008) living in an area of around 640 Square Kilometers.
As a capital city, Jakarta is the center of political, business, financial, economic, social, educational and other activities in Indonesia.
And like other big city in n the world, Jakarta faced lots of challenges such as Public Transportations, Traffic Jams, Floods, Poverty, Slum area, plenty of shopping malls but very few public parks, etc, etc.
The government of Jakarta has made efforts to improve transportation system by building the Busway mass transportation, and is planing to build other mass transportation system such as Monorail and Underground Train, as well as additional toll roads and non-toll roads. However, considering the rapid growth of personal vehicles, traffic jam is getting worst every day.
In order to handle the flood problem, an anti-flood canal has been built on the eastern part of Jakarta and by cleaning the existing waterways.
Further, to control air pollution, motor vehicles are required to go through regular emission check, places for smoking cigarettes are limited.
Furthermore, to provide better housing, low cost high-rise apartments are now being build in various parts of the city.
However, Jakarta still has lots of other problems like Garbages Disposal, Unemployement, Criminal, Fresh water, Beggars/Tramps, Poverty, Slum area housings, Electricity, Corruptions, etc. etc.
In spite of all the inconveniences, Jakarta has much more to give to its citizens and visitors, such as good and relatively safe residential area, hospitals, educational institutions, places for Eating any kinds of Food from all over Indonesia and all over the World, indoor-outdoor Entertainment and Sports, shopping, etc. etc.
Considering the above, I felt that Jakarta is similar to my favorite fruit i.e. the Durian which has sharp thorns, thick skin, and smells okay although might not be good for some people, but TASTES A LOT MUCH BETTER THAN ANY OTHER FRUITS, therefore I would not want to exchange with any other fruit.
Happy 483rd Birthday Jakarta, I hope that the Big Durian city will become much safer, cleaner, lovelier and a lot much better place for people to live in the future.